Madinah, which lies 447 kilometres north of the Holy City of Makkah, is the second holiest city in Islam. Madinah is the city of the Prophet. This is the place in which the Holy Quran was compiled and the Prophet’s companions administered the affairs of the Muslim Ummah.
Visit to Madinah Munawra
1. When you start travelling to Madinah, Make niyyah (intention) as such:
“O Allah! I start journey to visit the holy tomb of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Please accept it from me”.
During this journey, recite Darud Sharif frequently. When the city of Madinah is in sight, show your extreme fondness and excitement and humbly enter the city while reciting Darud and Salam.
2. After putting your luggage at your residence, take a bath or perform ablutions (vudu), wear nice dress, apply perfume and proceed towards the Prophet’s Mosque while uttering Darud.
3. Enter the mosque through Bab Al-Jibril or Bab-us-Salaam or if this is not possible, enter through any other door.
4. Place your right foot first in the entrance, praise Allah (such as say Allhu Akbar, Subhan Allah, Alhamdu Lillah, etc.), recite Darud and say:
” Allah humma aftah li abwabe rahamte ka”
5. If it is not undesirable (Makrooh) time, offer two rakahs of nafl tahiyyat Al-masjid (greeting of the masjid) preferably in Riaz Al-Jannah near the tomb of the Prophet or otherwise anywhere else in the mosque.
6. In front of the sacred tomb of The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him), there are three sections of brass screens and all three have holes in them. Look at the picture carefully. If you stand in front of the middle section between the pillars, you’ll see a big round hole on your left. This is in front of the face of the Holy Prophet. Adjacent to it is a door that stays closed. Right after it on the right side is a round hole which is in front of the face of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique. On the right of it, there is another round hole which is in front of the face of Hazrat Umar Farooq.
There is an enlarged view of the screen in front of the sacred face of our beloved Prophet (peace be upon him). Standing in front of it and facing it, say in a respectful and low voice:” Assalamu alaika, ayyuhan-nabiyya wa rahmatul-lahi wa barakatuhu” (Peace be on you, O Prophet, and the mercy and blessings of Allah.) After this say: “Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Rasul-Allah”, “Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Nabi-yallah”, “Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Habib-Allah”. Then supplicate to Allah for good things in this life and the life after death.
7. Then move a little to the right and stand before the grave of Hazrat Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him). Greet him and supplicate to bestow His mercy and forgiveness on him.
8. Again move a little to the right before the grave of Hazrat Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), and greet him and make supplication for him.
9. When you have to leave Madinah, offer your Salam again to the Prophet (peace be upon him), cry at this separation, supplicate to Allah and leave with the earnest desire to come back.
Historical Places of Madinah
The following are some of many historical places in Madinah which a pilgrim would like to visit. Out of these a visit to Masjid Quba is highly recommended as it is only next to the Holy Prophet’s Mosque in status and sanctity. Spending time in Masjid Al-Nabwi is very precious because the reward for offering 1 raka’at of prayer there is 1000 times more.
The graveyard of Madinah, where a large number of Sahabah karam (companions) including Hazrat Usman, Hazrat Abbas, Imam Hassan, and wives and daughters of the Holy Prophet are buried. This graveyard is close to the tomb of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him), right after the courtyard of Masjid Al-Nabi.
2. Masjid Quba
This is the first mosque in the history of Islam whose foundation stone was laid down by Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) himself on his migration to Madinah. To offer 2 raka’ats of nafl in it is equal to one Umrah. After visiting the Prophet’s Mosque and his tomb every pilgrim should try his best to visit it and pray in this mosque as well. A visit to Masjid Quba is highly recommended and 2 raka’ats of nafl here equal one Umrah.
3. Masjid Qiblatain
In this mosque, Allah directed Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), who was in the middle of a sal’at along with sahaba karam, to turn his face from Islam’s first qibla (Bait-ul-Muqqadis) to Ka’aba in Masjid Al-Haram. That is why this mosque is known as a mosque with two qiblas.
4. Masjid Jumuah
This mosque was built at a place where the Prophet (peace be upon him) offered his first Jumuah prayer in Madinah.
5. Masjid Ghamama
This mosque is not far from Masjid Al-Nabi. The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to offer his Eidain prayers here. Once the Prophet led Istasqa prayer in it and suddenly the clouds appeared and it started raining, hence the name ghamama (clouds).
6. Masjid Abu Bakr, Masjid Umar Farooq and Masjid Ali
These three mosques are near Masjid Ghamama.
The plain of Badr is south west of Madinah where the first battle between 313 Muslims and 1000 Quraish of Makkah took place in 624 A.D. The Muslims had seventy camels and two horses whereas the Quraish had a cavalry of 200 Horses and 700 camels. They were superior in weapons too, but Muslims were victorious because they were strong in morale and strategy due to the leadership of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him).
8. Jabal Al-Uhad
About four miles on the north of Madinah, famous battle of Uhad was fought at 3 A.H. Hazrat Hamza, the Holy Prophet’s uncle and other companions are buried here.