This is a plain within the boundaries of the Haram of Makkah about five kilometres outside the city. The pilgrims stay the night between the 8th and 9th Zil-Hajj here and then proceed to Arafat after sunrise on the 9th of Zil-Hajj. They are back here on the 10th of Zil-Hajj for the three final days of Hajj. Animal sacrifice is offered here.
The pilgrims throw pebbles on three Jamrahs (stone pillars) representing devils for three days. These pillars are known as Jamrah Al-Ula, Jamrah Al-Wusta and Jamrah Al-Aqabah.
Khaif Mosque is situated in Mina where pilgrims offer their prayers during their stay here.
This is a vast plain about 15 kilometres to the east of Makkah, it starts from the place where the boundaries of Haram end. Arrival in the Plain of Arafat on the 9th of Zil-Hajj and Wuquf (staying) herein until sunset is the foremost Hajj rite without which Hajj cannot be valid. If staying in Arafat is not possible until sunset, then staying there for some time is sufficient to make the Hajj valid. At sunset the pilgrims leave for Muzdalifa without offering Maghrib prayers.
Namirah Mosque is situated right on the meeting place of the boundaries of Haram and Arafat. Here the Imam leads the Zuhar and Asr prayers combined and shortened at Zuhar time.
Jabal Rahmah is a sacred hill in the middle of the Plain of Arafat where the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) delivered his famous sermon on the occasion of the Farewell Hajj.
This is a place midway on the route from Mina to Arafat. Pilgrims spend the night of the 9th Zil-Hajj on their return from Arafat. Here they offer Maghrib and Isha prayers combined. It is obligatory to stay here until the Fajr prayer before proceeding to Mina.
Tthere is a mosque at this place where the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) had prayed to Allah. The Quran says:
“When you return from Arafat, stay at Mash’ar Al-Haram and remember Allah; and remember Him just as He has enjoined you.” (Al-Baqrah:198)
This is a valley between Muzdalifah and Mina, where Abraha and his troops along with the elephants, who came to destroy the Ka’aba, were themselves destroyed by the birds (swallows) which threw small pebbles at them from their beaks and claws. As mentioned earlier, this incident happened in 570 or 571 AD. The pilgrims pass this place quickly because Muhassar is a tormented area.
Historical places of Makkah:
1. Birth Place of the Holy Prophet:
The house where the Holy prophet was born is situated in Suq Al-Lail Street. At this place, there exists a library today. If you come out of Haram near Safa hill, this house is about two furlongs away on the right side.
2. House of Hazrat Khudija Al-Kubra:
This house is situated in Fatima az-Zahra Street and is the birth place of all the children of the Holy prophet from Hazrat Khudija. After his marriage, he stayed here until his migration to Madinah.
This is a famous graveyard of Makkah where the Holy Prophet’s mother, Hazrat Khadija, his wife and many other companions were buried. This graveyard is on Ghaza Street near Masjid Jinn.
4. Masjid Jinn:
This mosque is near the graveyard of Al-Mu’alla. This is also known as Masjid Bai’et. Here the Holy Prophet recited the Quran to the Jinns and took bai’et (oath of allegiance) from them.
5. Masjid Al-Ra’et:
This mosque is near Masjid Jinn on the right side. In Arabic ra’et means flag. This is the place where the Holy Prophet installed his flag at the time of the Conquest of Makkah.
6. Cave Hira:
Cave Hira is situated on Jabl-e-Noor about three miles from Makkah. The Holy Prophet used to retire here in solitude and spend long hours in reflection and meditation. Here he received his first Divine Revelation:
“Read in the name of your Lord who created, Who created man out of a clot of congealed blood. Read, and your Lord is the most Bountiful, Who taught (man) the use of pen, Taught man what he knew not.” (Surah Al-Alaq 46: 1-5)
7. Cave Saur:
This is a cave in Jabl-e-Saur about eight kilometres to the south of Makkah, in which the Holy Prophet and Hazrat Abu Bakr lay hidden for three days at the time of their migration to Madinah.
8. Jabl Abu Qubais:
This is a hill near Safa, right in front of Baitullah. This hill is said to be associated with the Holy Prophet’s miracle of splitting the moon. Bilal mosque is situated at top this hill.
9. Masjid Aai’sha:
This mosque is outside the boundaries of Haram in Tan’eem, situated on Madinah Road. People enter into Ihram here for Umrah that is why it is also known as Masjid Umrah. Buses and taxis are always available to go there in front of Bab Abdul Aziz of Al-Haram. If you intend to perform Umrah, get a ride to this mosque, enter into Ihram and come back to Makkah to perform Umrah.