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Five days of Hajj

Day-1, 8th Dhul-Hijja: 
After arriving at Makkah and performing your Umra now on the 8 th day of Dhul-Hijja you should re-enter into the state of Ihraam with the niyah for Hajj. You should leave for Mina after sunrise. You are going to stay at Mina from the morning on the 8 th until after Fajr on the 9 th . While you are at Mina, the prayers Dhuhr, Asr and Eshaa are shortened to two rakat each.

Day-2, 9th Dhul-Hijja: 
After performing Fajr salah in Mina and waiting until sunrise, you should leave Mina for Arafat. Due to the heavy traffic on the roads, it is not possible to predict the time of arrival on the plain of Arafat. Most pilgrims arrive prior to or just after Dhuhr, depending on the time they left Mina. Not all Hujjaj are able to go to the mosque or stay near Jabal ar Rahmah (Mountain of Mercy). There is no Hajj without wuquf at Arafat.

If this Wuquf is missed, the whole Hajj is invalidated according to the saying of the prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessing be upon him), Hajj is Arafat. There is a Khutbah before the salah in Mosque Namirah. For those who are in the Mosque or are within hearing distance, listen attentively to the khutbah. After the khutbah you should pray dhuhr and asr salah. The time between dhuhr and maghrib should now be spent in sincere supplication, dhikr, etc.

You should humble yourself before the Almighty Allah, seek His mercy and forgiveness, and fear His punishment and dislike. You should renew your sincere repentance, because this is a great day. During this day, Allah will be generous to His servants and will pride Himself with them before the angels. Also on this day, there will be much liberation from the fire of hell. There is not a day on which satan is more defeated, more trivial, and more miserable than the Day of Arafat, with the exception of the Day of Badr, because on this day the Devil sees himself Allah’s generosity to His servants, His good-will towards them, and His abundant emancipation and forgiveness.

The fardh obligation of asr salah has been removed by joining it with dhuhr as well as maghrib salah, which is joined with eshaa, at Muzdalifah. Allah has now provided you with enough time to seek His forgiveness and His mercy. Many pilgrims tend to forget that this is the most important time of their entire life. Please do not waste this precious time and opportunity.

Immediately after sunset the pilgrims start leaving Arafat for Muzdalifah. Maghrib salah is not performed in Arafat. It is not permissible to leave Arafat before sunset.

The distance to Muzdalifah is only about 9km (6miles). However this journey can take you hours depending on the traffic and where you were located in Arafat. At Muzdalifah the pilgrims pray Maghrib and Eshaa together. One adhaan and 2 iqaama’s. Elderly, women and children are allowed to leave Muzdalifah after moon set and before Fajr. The prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessing be upon him) spent the night in Muzdalifah. Collect small pea-sized pebbles to pelt the jamarat and put them safely.

You will need a total of 49 pebbles if you are going to leave Mina after pelting the jamarat on the 12 th Dhul Hijjah, and you will need a total of 70 pebbles if you are staying over to pelt the case you miss the jamarat during pelting. Collect a few extra pebbles in case you miss the jamarat during pelting

7 for 10th Dhul Hijjah
21 for 11th Dhul Hijjah
21 for 12th Dhul Hijjah
21 for 13th Dhul Hijjah (if one stays for that day)

Day-3 – 10th Dhul-Hijja (Day of Sacrifice): 
After performing fajr salah and supplicating in Muzdalifah you should set out for Mina shortly before sunrise. The talbiyah is still recited at this time by the pilgrims. All the pilgrims head for the largest jamarah, known as al-Aqabah where they perform ramy (casting of seven pebbles, one at a time, at the jamarah in Mina). After the ramy you should stop the talbiyah, start reciting the takbir and perform the slaughtering. After this you should shave or cut your hair. The women cut only approximately one inch of hair. These three rites should be done in the above order if convenient. You are now free from all Ihraam restrictions except marital relations (which are ‘lifted’ after awaaf-al-ifadah). You can now wear normal clothes. You should recite the takbir as often as possible. The takbir should be recited until after asr on the 13 th of Dhul-Hijja, especially after the fardh prayers.

You should now proceed to Makkah to perform the second important pillar of Hajj: Tawaf-al-Ifadah or Tawaaf-al-Hajj or Tawaaf-as-Ziyarah without which the Hajj will not be complete. Following the Tawaaf and performance of two rakaat you should perform Saie if you have not done it before. Once it is completed you are now free from all Ihraam restrictions. You should return to Mina to spend the next two or three days and nights.

Day-4 – 11th Dhul-Hijja 
For next two or three days, 11 th , 12 th , 13 th Dhul-Hijja, you are staying in Mina. After zawal on 11 th of Dhul-Hijja you should proceed to ramy starting with small Jamarah, then the middle one and finishing with big one. Elderly, week and women are allowed to do ramy at night due to overcrowding.

Day-5 – 12th Dhul-Hijja 
You should do the same as the day before, on completion of ramy you may leave Mina for Makkah but you must leave Mina before Maghrib otherwise you have to stay until the next day.

Day-6 – 13th Dhul-Hijja
On this day you should do ramy again as the day before, on completion of ramy you may leave Mina for Makkah.

As long you remain in Makkah after Hajj, you must value every moment afforded, and you should engage yourself in ibadah.

The last rite to be performed before leaving Makkah is Tawaf-al-Widaa, the farewell Tawaf.

After completing Hajj now you are required to change your lifestyle and you should avoid the prohibitions of Allah almighty, such as adultery, stealing, cheating in transactions, betrayal of trust, drinking of alcohol, hypocrisy, backbiting etc.

You should be on guard against such evil deeds and indeed against all sins. You will not reap the benefits of the Hajj and have your sins forgiven without caution against these evil deeds and all other prohibitions of the Almighty Allah.

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