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Places where Hajj Manasik (rites) are Performed

1. Mina

This is a plain within the boundaries of the Haram of Makkah about five kilometres outside the city. The pilgrims stay the night between the 8th and 9th Zil-Hajj here and then proceed to Arafat after sunrise on the 9th of Zil-Hajj. They are back here on the 10th of Zil-Hajj for the three final days of Hajj. Animal sacrifice is offered here.

The pilgrims throw pebbles on three Jamrahs (stone pillars) representing devils for three days. These pillars are known as Jamrah Al-Ula, Jamrah Al-Wusta and Jamrah Al-Aqabah.

Khaif Mosque is situated in Mina where pilgrims offer their prayers during their stay here.

2. Arafat
This is a vast plain about 15 kilometres to the east of Makkah.  It starts from the place where the boundaries of Haram end. Arrival in the Plain of Arafat on the 9th of Zil-Hajj and Wuquf (staying) herein until sunset is the foremost Hajj rite without which Hajj cannot be valid. If staying in Arafat is not possible until sunset, then staying there for some time is sufficient to make the Hajj valid. At sunset the pilgrims leave for Muzdalifah without offering Maghrib prayers.

Namirah Mosque is situated right on the meeting place of the boundaries of Haram and Arafat. Here the Imam leads the combined and shortened Zhuhr and Asr prayers at Zuhar time.

Jabal Rahmah is a sacred hill in the middle of the Plain of Arafat where the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) delivered his famous sermon on the occasion of the Farewell Hajj.

3. Muzdalifah:
This is a place midway on the route from Mina to Arafat. Pilgrims spend the night of the 9th Zil-Hajj on their return from Arafat. Here they offer Maghrib and Isha prayers combined. It is obligatory to stay here until the Fajr prayer before proceeding to Mina.

Mash’ar Al-Haram:
There is a mosque at this place where the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) had prayed to Allah. The Quran says:

“When you return from Arafat, stay at Mash’ar Al-Haram and remember Allah; and remember Him just as He has enjoined you.” (Al-Baqrah:198)

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